A service rendered by the Import Factor who provides buyer risk coverage to 100 % within approved revolving credit limits and collection service to the Export Factor. The Export Factor assigns the invoices of its clients to the Import Factor who becomes the legal owner of the receivables.
The Export Factor purchases invoices from its client (exporter) to its foreign buyers (importers) and pays 80-90 % in advance based on the buyer risk coverage and collection service provided by the Import Factor. After receipt of the buyer’s payment the Import Factor immediately remits the full payment to the account of the Export Factor. If the buyer should be unable to pay and the invoice is not claimed or disputed the Import Factor is obliged to pay under approval 90 days after due date of the invoice.
|Without recourse factoring:||
The Import Factor covers the risk of bad debts or insolvency of buyers, provided that no valid disputes related to the receivables have been raised. The Import Factors provides credit investigation and credit protection, collection, litigation and ledger management.
|With recourse factoring (Collection-only):||
The Import Factor covers the risk of bad debts or insolvency of buyers. Between the seller (exporter) and its Export Factor it has been agreed that the seller shall re-purchase the receivables (if advance payment have been made ) for which the Import Factor was not able to collect the payments. The Import Factor provides ledger management and collections but no debtor risk coverage. Litigation can be done by the Import Factor but the Export Factor/exporter have to bear all costs related to legal action. As part of collection-only the Export Factor can ask the Import Factor to perform invoice verifications. The features are described in the Invoice Verification guide (only available to FCI members).
|Disclosed (notified) Factoring:||
The Import Factor sends a notification (introductory letter and assignment text suitable for the law of the country where the buyer is located) to the Export Factor who obliges the exporter to inform the buyers (importers) about the assignment of the receivables. The buyers are asked to make payment only to the account of the Import Factor. After receipt of the payment the Import Factor immediately remits the amount to the account of the Export Factor.
|Undisclosed (non-notified) Factoring:||The buyers (importers) are not notified about the assignment of the receivables. Also known as confidential or NNF-Factoring, the buyers continue to pay the invoices directly to its supplier (exporter). The Export Factor informs the Import Factor about every payment received by the exporter. Export and Import Factor have signed a supplemental agreement to the Interfactor Agreement in which a disclosure period of the assignment (usually 30-60 days after due date) has been stipulated.|